A Treatise of Plane Trigonometry,and the Mensuration of Heights and Distances: To which is Prefixed a Summary View of the Nature and Use of Logarithms. Adapted to the Method of Instruction in Schools and Academies
Ivison & Phinney, 1855 - Logarithms - 237 pages
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added amount arithmetical base calculation called capacity centre chord circle circumference common complement cone contains Cosine Cotang cube cubic cylinder decimal Degrees described diameter difference distance divided division dollars drawn earth equal extend feet figure foot four fourth frustum gallons given greater half height hypothenuse inches increase inscribed latter length less logarithm manner measure middle miles minutes multiplied natural negative object oblique obtained opposite parallel perimeter perpendicular plane polygon population positive principal prism PROBLEM proportion pyramid quadrant quantity radius regular right angled triangle rods root rule scale secant sector segment sides similar sine solidity sphere square subtracting supposed surface tables tabular taken taking Tang tangent term Theorem third trigonometrical unit whole zone
Page 19 - A diameter of a circle is a straight line drawn through the centre, and terminated both ways by the circumference.
Page 19 - To find then the logarithm of a vulgar fraction, subtract the logarithm of the denominator from that of the numerator. The difference will be the logarithm of the fraction. Or the logarithm may be found, by first reducing the vulgar fraction to a decimal. If the numerator is less than the denominator, the index of the logarithm must be negative, because the value of the fraction is less than a unit. ( Art* 9.) Required the logarithm of f 4.
Page 129 - From half the sum of the sides, subtract each side severally; multiply together the half sum and the three remainders; and extract the square root of the product.
Page 56 - A cylinder is a solid described by the revolution of a rectangle about one of its sides, which remains fixed.
Page 92 - One of the required angles is found, by beginning with a side, and, according to Theorem I, stating the proportion, As the side opposite the given angle, To the sine of that angle ; So is the side opposite the required angle, To the sine of that angle. The third angle is found, by subtracting the sum of the other two from 180° ; and the remaining side is found, by the proportion in the preceding article.
Page 39 - CUBIC MEASURE 1728 cubic inches = 1 cubic foot 27 cubic feet = 1 cubic yard...
Page 34 - But the difference of two squares is equal to the product of the sum and difference of their roots.
Page 27 - ... base. For the area of a circle is equal to the product of half the diameter into half the circumference ; (Art.
Page 18 - The sum of the logarithms of two numbers, is the logarithm of the product of those numbers ; and the difference of the logarithms of two numbers, is the logarithm of the quotient of one of the numbers divided by the other. (Art. 2.) In Briggs' system, the logarithm of 10 is 1.
Page 38 - Find the amount of 1 dollar for 1 year ; multiply its logarithm by the number of years ; and to the product, add the logarithm of the principal. The 'sum will be the logarithm of the amount for the given time. From the amount subtract the principal, and the remainder will be the interest.