Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations

Front Cover
Elsevier, Oct 23, 2004 - Science - 520 pages
Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations combines biology and physics to show how water moves through the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. This text explores the instrumentation and the methods used to measure the status of water in soil and plants. Principles are clearly presented with the aid of diagrams, anatomical figures, and images of instrumentation. The methods on instrumentation can be used by researchers, consultants, and the military to monitor soil degradation, including measurements of soil compaction, repellency, oxygen diffusion rate, and unsaturated hydraulic conductivity.

Intended for graduate students in plant and soil science programs, this book also serves as a useful reference for agronomists, plant ecologists, and agricultural engineers.

* Principles are presented in an easy-to-understand style
* Heavily illustrated with more than 200 figures; diagrams are professionally drawn
* Anatomical figures show root, stem, leaf, and stomata
* Figures of instruments show how they work
* Book is carefully referenced, giving sources for all information
* Struggles and accomplishments of scientists who developed the theories are given in short biographies.


Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Definitions of Physical Units and the International System
Chapter 3 Structure and Properties of Water
Chapter 4 Tensiometers
Chapter 5 SoilWater Terminology and Applications
Chapter 6 Static Water in Soil
Chapter 7 Water Movement in Saturated Soil
Chapter 8 Field Capacity Wilting Point Available Water and the NonLimiting Water Range
Chapter 16 Measurement of Water Potential with Thermocouple Psychrometers
Chapter 17 Measurement of Water Potential with Pressure Chambers
Chapter 18 Stem Anatomy and Measurement of Osmotic Potential and Turgor Potential Using PressureVolume Curves
Chapter 19 The Ascent of Water in Plants
Chapter 20 Electrical Analogues for Water Movement through the SoilPlantAtmosphere Continuum
Chapter 21 Leaf Anatomy and Leaf Elasticity
Chapter 22 Stomata and Measurement of Stomatal Resistance
Chapter 23 Solar Radiation Black Bodies Heat Budget and Radiation Balance

Chapter 9 Penetrometer Measurements
Chapter 10 Measurement of Oxygen Diffusion Rate
Chapter 11 Infiltration
Chapter 12 Pore Volume
Chapter 13 Time Domain Reflectometry to Measure Volumetric Soil Water Content
Chapter 14 Root Anatomy and Poiseuilles Law for Water Flow in Roots
Chapter 15 Gardners Equation for Water Movement to Plant Roots
Chapter 24 Measurement of Canopy Temperature with Infrared Thermometers
Chapter 25 StressDegreeDay Concept and CropWaterStress Index
Chapter 26 Potential Evapotranspiration
Chapter 27 Water and Yield

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Page 20 - Units length meter' (m) mass* kilogram (kg) time second (s) electric current ampere (A) thermodynamic temperature* kelvin (K) amount of substance mole (mol) luminous intensity candela (cd) Supplementary Units plane angle radian (rad) solid angle steradian (sr) The spellings "metre" and "litre" are preferred by ASTM; however, "-er
Page 6 - The logarithm of any power of a number is equal to the logarithm of the number multiplied by the exponent of the power.
Page 6 - The logarithm of a quotient is equal to the logarithm of the dividend minus the logarithm of the divisor. , M , ,• , . logi — = log

About the author (2004)

M. B. Kirkham is a Professor in the Department of Agronomy at Kansas State University. Her research involves two areas: soil-plant-water relations and uptake of heavy metals by crops grown on polluted soil (called “phytoremediation ). Dr. Kirkham is currently collaborating with colleagues at the Kansas State University Northwest Research-Extension Center in Colby, Kansas to study yield and water relations of sorghum grown under the semi-arid conditions of far western Kansas. Dr. Kirkham serves on several editorial boards: Soil Science; Journal of Crop Improvement; International Agrophysics; Crop Science; Australian Journal of Soil Research; Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment; Agricultural Water Management; Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research; Agricultural, Food and Analytical Bacteriology; and Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science. In addition, Dr. Kirkham has received the CSSA Crop Science Research Award and the 2010-11 Iman Outstanding Faculty Award for Research.

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