The Declaration of Paris of 1856: Being an Account of the Maritime Rights of Great Britain, a Consideration of Their Importance, a History of Their Surrender by the Signature of the Declaration of Paris, and an Argument for Their Resumption by the Denunciation and Repudiation of that Declaration
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abolished Admiralty of England Albert Vandal April Article authority belligerent blockade bound Britain British cargo carrying trade claim commanders commerce commission confiscation contraband contraband of war conventions Court of Admiralty cruisers Declaration of Paris defend droit effect enemy enemy's property England exercise exports fight fleets force France free ships French Government High Court high seas hostilities important inflicted injury instructions International Law l'Angleterre land Law of Nations letters of marque liable to capture Lord Clarendon Lord Palmerston Majesty marine maritime rights maritime warfare marque and reprisals ment merchandise merchant ships merchant vessels Napoleon naval navy Neutral Powers neutral ship neutral territory neutral vessels neutres never officers parties peace persons Plenipotentiaries port present principle private property Prize Court Prize-money property at sea protect repudiated rule Russia seize ship or vessel ships and vessels Spain subjects tion traband Treaty Treaty of Berlin United whole
Page 124 - Le pavillon neutre couvre la marchandise ennemie, à l'exception de la contrebande de guerre. 3) La marchandise neutre, à l'exception de la contrebande de guerre, n'est pas saisissable sous pavillon ennemi. 4...
Page 22 - I seen also under the sun, and it seemed great unto me: there was a little city, and few men within it; and there came a great king against it, and besieged it, and built great bulwarks against it: now there was found in it a poor wise man, and he by his wisdom delivered the city; yet no man remembered that same poor man.
Page 202 - Neutral goods, with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under the enemy's flag. 4. Blockades, in order to be binding, must be effective, that is to say, maintained by a force sufficient really to prevent access to the coast of the enemy.
Page 199 - ... as applying to those powers only who recognize this principle ; but if either of the two contracting parties shall be at war with a third, and the other neutral, the flag of the neutral shall cover the property of enemies whose governments acknowledge this principle, and not of others.
Page 147 - A neutral government is bound— First, to use due diligence to prevent the fitting out, arming, or equipping, within its jurisdiction, of any vessel which it has reasonable ground to believe is intended to cruise or to carry on war against a power with which it is at peace; and also to use like diligence to prevent the departure from its jurisdiction of any vessel intended to cruise or carry on war as above, such vessel having been specially adapted, in whole or in part, within such jurisdiction,...
Page 24 - Ceux-ci continueront, par conséquent, à jouir d'une complète sécurité pour leurs personnes et leurs biens, aussi longtemps qu'ils ne me priveront pas eux-mêmes par des entreprises hostiles contre les troupes allemandes du droit de leur accorder ma protection.
Page 166 - A neutral while a war is imminent, or after it has commenced, is at liberty to purchase either goods or ships (not being ships of war) from either belligerent, and the purchase is valid, whether the subject of it be lying in a neutral port or in an enemy's port.
Page 124 - Que le droit maritime, en temps de guerre, a été pendant longtemps l'objet de contestations regrettables ; Que l'incertitude du droit et des devoirs, en pareille matière, donne lieu entre les neutres et les belligérants à des divergences d'opinion qui peuvent faire naître des difficultés sérieuses et même des conflits...
Page 166 - But, in case of war, either actual or imminent, this rule is subject to qualification, and it is settled that in such case a mere transfer by documents which would be sufficient to bind the parties is not sufficient to change the property as against captors as long as the ship or goods remain in transitu.
Page 123 - ... part in the Congress of Paris, and to invite them to accede to it. Convinced that the maxims which they now proclaim cannot but be received with gratitude by the whole world, the undersigned Plenipotentiaries doubt not that the efforts of their Governments to obtain the general adoption thereof, will be crowned with full success. The present Declaration is not and shall not be binding, except between those Powers who have acceded, or shall accede, to it.