Elements of Geometry: With, Practical Applications
D. Appleton and Company, 1850 - Geometry - 320 pages
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Common terms and phrases
ABCD altitude angle base bisect called centre chord circ circle circumference circumscribed coincide common cone consequently construction contained convex corresponding cylinder denote described diagonal diameter difference distance divided double draw equal equilateral equivalent exterior angle extremities figure follows formed four given gives greater hence included inscribed intersection join length less lines drawn magnitude manner mean measured measured by half meet multiplied opposite parallel parallel planes parallelogram parallelopipedon pass perpendicular plane plane MN polygon portion position prism PROBLEM produced Prop proportional PROPOSITION pyramid radii radius ratio rectangle remain respectively right-angles sector segment shown sides similar solid angle sphere spherical square straight line suppose surface taken tangent THEOREM third triangle ABC vertex VIII whole zone
Page 231 - THE sphere is a solid terminated by a curve surface, all the points of which are equally distant from a point within, called the centre.
Page 147 - PROBLEM. To inscribe a circle in a given triangle. Let ABC be the given triangle : it is required to inscribe a circle in the triangle ABC.
Page 17 - A circle is a plane figure contained by one line, which is called the circumference, and is such, that all straight lines drawn from a certain point within the figure to the circumference are equal to one another.
Page 28 - If two sides and the included angle of the one are respectively equal to two sides and the included angle of the other...
Page 233 - The volume of a cylinder is equal to the product of its base by its altitude. Let the volume of the cylinder be denoted by V, its base by B, and its altitude by H.
Page 276 - THEOREM. Two triangles on the same sphere, or on equal spheres, are equal in all their parts, when they have each an equal angle included between equal sides. Suppose the side...
Page 120 - The areas of two triangles which have an angle of the one equal to an angle of the other are to each other as the products of the sides including the equal angles. D c A' D' Hyp. In triangles ABC and A'B'C', ZA = ZA'. To prove AABC = ABxAC. A A'B'C' A'B'xA'C' Proof. Draw the altitudes BD and B'D'.
Page 18 - If equals be added to unequals, the wholes are unequal. V. If equals be taken from unequals, the remainders are unequal. VI. Things which are double of the same, are equal to one another.
Page 232 - A spherical triangle is a portion of the surface of a sphere, bounded by three arcs of great circles.
Page 96 - Similar figures, are those that have all the angles of the one equal to all the angles of the other, each to each, and the sides about the equal angles proportional.