## Practical Arithmetic, by Induction and Analysis |

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acres added Addition amount annex base bought bushels called cancel cents changing ciphers cloth common Compound contained contents cost cube decimal denominator diameter difference discount divided dividend divisible divisor dollars equal EXAMPLES expressed factors feet figure five four fourth fraction gain Give given greater Hence higher hundred inches interest length less lower mean MEASURE method mills mixed Multiply NOTE OPERATION paid payment pecks period pints pounds prime factors principal proportion quarts quotient ratio Reduce remainder result root Rule selling separating shows side Simple sold solid SOLUTION square subtract TABLE taken tens tenths third thousand units weight whole number wide worth write written yards

### Popular passages

Page 179 - Remove the decimal point as many places to the left as there are ciphers in the divisor.

Page 135 - To reduce a mixed number to an improper fraction, — RULE : Multiply the whole number by the denominator of the fraction, to the product add the numerator, and write the result over the denominator.

Page 88 - Thirty days hath September, April. June, and November; All the rest have thirty.one, Save February, which alone Hath twenty.eight; and one day more We add to it one year in four.

Page 26 - It shows that the numbers between which it is placed, are to be multiplied together. Thus the expression 9x6, signifies that 9 and 6 are to be multiplied together, and is read, " 9 multiplied by 6," or, simply,

Page 156 - Reduce compound fractions to simple ones, and mixt numbers to improper fractions ; then multiply the numerators together for a new numerator, and the denominators for. a new denominator.

Page 222 - Compute the interest to the time of the first payment ; if that be one year or more from the time the interest commenced, add it to the principal, and deduct the payment from the sum total. If there be after payments made, compute the interest on the balance due to the next payment, and then deduct the payment as above; and, in like manner, from one payment to another, till all the payments are absorbed ; provided the time between one payment and another be one year or more.

Page 79 - Measure 144 square inches (sq. in.) = 1 square foot (sq. ft.) 9 square feet = 1 square yard (sq. yd.) 30j square yards = 1 square rod (sq.

Page 219 - The rule for casting interest, when partial payments have been made, is to apply the payment, in the first place, to the discharge of the interest then due. If the payment exceeds the interest, the surplus goes towards discharging the principal, and the subsequent interest is to be computed on the balance of principal remaining due.

Page 219 - If the payment be less than the interest, the surplus of interest must not be taken to augment the principal; but interest continues on the former principal until the period when the payments, taken together, exceed the interest due, and then the surplus is to be applied...

Page 125 - ... that is, the fraction takes its name or denomination from the number of parts, into which the unit is divided. Thus, if the unit be divided into 16 parts, the parts are called sixteenths, and 5 of these parts would be 5 sixteenths, expressed thus, -f%.