12 inches altitude base body boiler called cast iron center of gravity cipher circle circumference column contained cross-section cube root cubic foot cubic inch cylinder decimal places decimal point denominator discharge distance divided dividend divisor equal EXAMPLE.-A EXAMPLE.-What EXAMPLES FOR PRACTICE expressed feet long find the area foot force formula fraction frustum given Hence horsepower hypotenuse inches in diameter inches long iron length mean effective pressure mercury minuend minute multiplied obtained pennyweights perpendicular pipe piston plunger polygon pounds per square proportion pump pyramid quantity quotient radius reduced remainder result revolutions per minute right angles rope Rule.-Multiply second figure shown in Fig side slant height SOLUTION square feet square inch square root steam straight line subtract tank trial divisor triangle tube units valve vertical vessel volume weight whole number wrought-iron
Page 145 - A sphere is a solid bounded by a curved surface, every point of which is equally distant from a point within called the center.
Page 100 - The terms of a ratio are the two numbers to be compared ; thus, in the above ratio, 20 and 4 are the terms. When both terms are considered together, they are called a couplet ; when considered separately, the first term is called the antecedent, and the second term the consequent. Thus, in the ratio 20 : 4, 20 and 4 form a couplet, and 20 is the antecedent, and 4 the consequent.
Page 104 - The first and fourth terms of a proportion are called the extremes; and the second and third terms the means. Thus, in the proportion a : b = с : d, a and d are the extremes, and b and с the means.
Page 14 - The number thus added to itself, or the number to be multiplied, is called the multiplicand. The number which shows how many times the multiplicand is to be taken, or the number by which we multiply, is called the multiplier.
Page 45 - Subtract, as in whole numbers, and place the decimal point in the remainder, directly under the decimal points above.
Page 193 - The pressure per unit of area exerted anywhere upon a mass of liquid is transmitted undiminished in all directions, and acts with the same force upon all surfaces, in a direction at right angles to those surfaces.
Page 53 - RULE. — Annex ciphers to the numerator and divide by the denominator. Point off as many decimal places in the quotient as there are ciphers annexed.
Page 120 - A circle is a plane figure bounded by a curved line, called the circumference, every point of which is equally distant from a point within called the center.