## The Elements of Euclid: The Errors, by which Theon, Or Others, Have Long Ago Vitiated These Books, are Corrected, and Some of Euclid's Demonstrations are Restored. Also, The Book of Euclid's Data, in Like Manner Corrected. viz. the first six books, together with the eleventh and twelfthMathew Carey, and sold by J. Conrad & Company, S. F. Bradford, Birch & Small, and Samuel Etheridge. Printed by T. & G. Palmer, 116, High-Street., 1806 - Trigonometry - 518 pages |

### From inside the book

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**square**upon a given straight line . Let AB be the given straight line ; it is required to describe a**square**upon AB . From the point A draw a**AC**at right angles to AB ; and ...**AC**the**squares**GB , HC ; and through A draw b 48 THE ELEMENTS. Page 49

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**squares**GB , HC ; and through A draw b AL parallel to BD or Book I. CE , and join AD , FC ; then , because each of the angles BAC , BAG is a right angle , the two straight lines**AC**, AG , G b 31. 1 . € 30 . Def . upon the opposite sides ... Page 50

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**square**described upon BC , one of the sides of the tri- angle ABC , be equal to the**squares**upon the other sides BA ,**AC**, the angle BAC is a right angle . D From the point A draw a AD at right angles to**AC**, and make AD equal to BA ... Page 52

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**square**of the whole line . Let the straight line AB be divided into A any two parts in the point C ; the rect- angle contained by AB , BC , together with the rectangle AB ,**AC**...**ÁC**.**AC**; for it is contained by DA ,**AC**52 THE ELEMENTS. Page 53

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**square**of the foresaid part .**A C**Let the straight line AB be divided into any two parts in the point C ; the rectangle AB , BC is equal to the rectangle**AC**, CB , together with the**square**of BC . Upon BC describe a the**square**CDEB ...### Other editions - View all

### Common terms and phrases

altitude angle ABC angle BAC base BC BC is equal BC is given bisected Book XI centre circle ABCD circumference cone cylinder demonstrated described diameter draw drawn equal angles equiangular equimultiples Euclid excess fore given angle given in magnitude given in position given in species given magnitude given point given ratio given straight line gnomon greater join less Let ABC meet multiple opposite parallel parallelogram perpendicular point F polygon prisms proportionals proposition pyramid Q. E. D. PROP radius ratio of AE rectangle CB rectangle contained rectilineal figure right angles segment sides BA similar sine solid angle solid parallelepipeds square of AC straight line AB straight line BC tangent THEOR third triangle ABC triplicate ratio vertex wherefore

### Popular passages

Page 30 - Any two sides of a triangle are together greater than the third side.

Page 64 - To divide a given straight line into two parts, so that the rectangle contained by the whole, and one of the parts, may be equal to the square of the other part.

Page 30 - IF, from the ends of the side of a triangle, there be drawn two straight lines to a point within the triangle, these shall be less than the other two sides of the triangle, but shall contain a greater angle. Let...

Page 59 - PROP. VIII. THEOR. IF a straight line be divided into any two parts, tour times the rectangle contained by the whole line, and one of the parts, together with the square of the other part, is equal to the square of the straight line which is made up of the whole and that part.

Page 28 - If one side of a triangle be produced, the exterior angle is greater than either of the interior opposite angles.

Page 165 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.

Page 19 - THE angles at the base of an isosceles triangle are equal to one another : and, if the equal sides be produced, the angles upon the other side of the base shall be equal.

Page 191 - In right angled triangles, the rectilineal figure described upon the side opposite to the right angle, is equal to the similar, and similarly described figures upon the sides containing the right angle.

Page 39 - All the interior angles of any rectilineal figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sidef. For any rectilineal figure ABCDE can be divided into as many triangles as the figure has sides, by drawing straight lines from a point F within the figure to each of its angles.

Page 180 - Therefore, universally, similar rectilineal figures are to one another in the duplicate ratio of their homologous sides.