## The Elements of Euclid: The Errors, by which Theon, Or Others, Have Long Ago Vitiated These Books, are Corrected, and Some of Euclid's Demonstrations are Restored. Also, The Book of Euclid's Data, in Like Manner Corrected. viz. the first six books, together with the eleventh and twelfthMathew Carey, and sold by J. Conrad & Company, S. F. Bradford, Birch & Small, and Samuel Etheridge. Printed by T. & G. Palmer, 116, High-Street., 1806 - Trigonometry - 518 pages |

### From inside the book

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**similar**solid figures are " those which are contained by**similar**planes of the same num- " ber and magnitude . " Now this proposition is a theorem , not a definition ; because the equality of figures of any kind must be demonstrated ... Page 68

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**Similar**segments of a circle are those in which the an- gles are equal , or which contain equal angles . PROP . I. PROB . See N. a 10. 1 . TO find the centre of a given circle . Let ABC be the given circle ; it is required to find its ... Page 87

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**similar**to the segment ADB , and that**similar**segments of circles contain equal an- b 11. def . gles ; the angle ACB is equal to the angle ADB , the exterior to 3 . the interior , which is impossible c . Therefore , there cannot be c 16 ... Page 88

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**similar**segments , & c . Q. E. D. PROP . XXV . PROB . See N. a 10. 1 . c 6. 1 . A SEGMENT of a circle being given , to describe the circle of which it is the segment . Let ABC be the given segment of a circle ; it is required to ... Page 89

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**similar**to the segment b 11. def . EDF ; d they are upon equal straight lines BC , EF ; but simi- 3 . lar se goents of circles upon equal straight lines are equal to one amer : therefore the segment BAC is equal to the segment c 24 ...### Other editions - View all

### Common terms and phrases

altitude angle ABC angle BAC base BC BC is equal BC is given bisected Book XI centre circle ABCD circumference cone cylinder demonstrated described diameter draw drawn equal angles equiangular equimultiples Euclid excess fore given angle given in magnitude given in position given in species given magnitude given point given ratio given straight line gnomon greater join less Let ABC meet multiple opposite parallel parallelogram perpendicular point F polygon prisms proportionals proposition pyramid Q. E. D. PROP radius ratio of AE rectangle CB rectangle contained rectilineal figure right angles segment sides BA similar sine solid angle solid parallelepipeds square of AC straight line AB straight line BC tangent THEOR third triangle ABC triplicate ratio vertex wherefore

### Popular passages

Page 30 - Any two sides of a triangle are together greater than the third side.

Page 64 - To divide a given straight line into two parts, so that the rectangle contained by the whole, and one of the parts, may be equal to the square of the other part.

Page 30 - IF, from the ends of the side of a triangle, there be drawn two straight lines to a point within the triangle, these shall be less than the other two sides of the triangle, but shall contain a greater angle. Let...

Page 59 - PROP. VIII. THEOR. IF a straight line be divided into any two parts, tour times the rectangle contained by the whole line, and one of the parts, together with the square of the other part, is equal to the square of the straight line which is made up of the whole and that part.

Page 28 - If one side of a triangle be produced, the exterior angle is greater than either of the interior opposite angles.

Page 165 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.

Page 19 - THE angles at the base of an isosceles triangle are equal to one another : and, if the equal sides be produced, the angles upon the other side of the base shall be equal.

Page 191 - In right angled triangles, the rectilineal figure described upon the side opposite to the right angle, is equal to the similar, and similarly described figures upon the sides containing the right angle.

Page 39 - All the interior angles of any rectilineal figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sidef. For any rectilineal figure ABCDE can be divided into as many triangles as the figure has sides, by drawing straight lines from a point F within the figure to each of its angles.

Page 180 - Therefore, universally, similar rectilineal figures are to one another in the duplicate ratio of their homologous sides.