Notes on Geometry
In recent years, geometry has played a lesser role in undergraduate courses than it has ever done. Nevertheless, it still plays a leading role in mathematics at a higher level. Its central role in the history of mathematics has never been disputed. It is important, therefore, to introduce some geometry into university syllabuses. There are several ways of doing this, it can be incorporated into existing courses that are primarily devoted to other topics, it can be taught at a first year level or it can be taught in higher level courses devoted to differential geometry or to more classical topics. These notes are intended to fill a rather obvious gap in the literature. It treats the classical topics of Euclidean, projective and hyperbolic geometry but uses the material commonly taught to undergraduates: linear algebra, group theory, metric spaces and complex analysis. The notes are based on a course whose aim was two fold, firstly, to introduce the students to some geometry and secondly to deepen their understanding of topics that they have already met. What is required from the earlier material is a familiarity with the main ideas, specific topics that are used are usually redone.
Other editions - View all
affine Algebra angles basis calculation called centre Choose circle Clearly conic consider consists constructed contains Corollary corresponding cosh course cube Deduce defined definition denote determinant diagonal direct distance distinct easy edges elements elliptic equation Euclidean example Exercise faces fact finite fixed point formula four geometry given gives glide half Hence homeomorphic hyperbolic identity independent infinity Introduction inversion isometry isomorphic labelled lattice Lemma length linear Mathematical matrix meet metric Möbius band non-singular Note obtained orbits orthogonal pairs parallel perpendicular plane points polar pole preserves projective Proof Proposition prove reflection regular representatives respect result rotation sends sinh solid space sphere subgroup subset subspace symmetry Theorem Theory torus transformation translation triangle unique vector vertex vertices