A Treatise on Elementary Geometry: With Appendices Containing a Collection of Exercises for Students and an Introduction to Modern Geometry
J.B. Lippincott & Company, 1875 - Geometry - 368 pages
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Common terms and phrases
ABCD altitude approaches axis base called centre chord circle circumference circumscribed coincide common cone consequently constant construct contain Corollary cylinder Definition denote describe determined diagonals diameter diedral angle difference distance divided draw drawn edges equal equivalent expressed extremities faces figure fixed follows formed four given circles given plane given point given straight line greater hence homologous indefinitely inscribed intersection joining lateral less limit locus mean measure meet number of sides one-half parallel parallelogram parallelopiped pass perimeter perpendicular placed plane MN polyedral angle polyedron polygon preceding prism proportional PROPOSITION pyramid quadrilateral quantity radii radius ratio rectangle regular regular polygon respectively right angles Scholium segment sides similar sphere spherical square suppose surface symmetrical taken tangent theorem third triangle ABC unit vertex vertices volume
Page 132 - The area of a rectangle is equal to the product of its base and altitude.
Page 17 - The perpendicular is the shortest line that can be drawn from a point to a straight line.
Page 216 - The areas of two triangles which have an angle of the one equal to an angle of the other are to each other as the products of the sides including the equal angles.
Page 264 - Three lines are in harmonical proportion, when the first is to the third, as the difference between the first and second, is to the difference between the second and third ; and the second is called a harmonic mean between the first and third. The expression 'harmonical proportion...
Page 111 - If two polygons are composed of the same number of triangles, similar each to each and similarly placed, the polygons are similar.
Page 99 - If four quantities are in proportion, they are in proportion by composition, ie the sum of the first two terms is to the second term as the sum of the last two terms is to the fourth term.
Page 176 - The angle of two arcs of great circles is equal to the angle of their planes, and is measured by the arc of a great circle described from its vertex as a pole and included between its sides (produced if necessary).
Page 121 - The sum of the squares of the sides of any quadrilateral is equal to the sum of the squares of the diagonals plus four times the square of the line joining the middle points of the diagonals.
Page 185 - The sum of the angles of a spherical triangle is greater than two and less than six right angles ; that is, greater than 180° and less than 540°. (gr). If A'B'C' is the polar triangle of ABC...
Page 141 - A truncated triangular prism is equivalent to the sum of three pyramids, whose common base is the base of the prism and whose vertices are the three vertices of the inclined section.