## Elements of Geometry and Trigonometry Translated from the French of A.M. Legendre by David Brewster: Revised and Adapted to the Course of Mathematical Instruction in the United States |

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### Common terms and phrases

ABCD adjacent altitude base become Book called centre chord circle circumference circumscribed common cone consequently construction contained corresponding Cosine Cotang cylinder described determine diameter difference distance divided draw drawn equal equations equivalent expressed extremities faces feet figure follows formed four frustum give given gles greater half hence homologous hypothenuse included inscribed intersection less logarithm manner means measured meet middle multiplied number of sides opposite parallel parallelogram pass perpendicular plane polygon prism PROBLEM Prop proportional PROPOSITION pyramid quantities radii radius ratio reason rectangle regular remaining right angles Scholium segment sides similar sine solid solid angle sphere spherical triangle square straight line suppose taken tang tangent THEOREM third triangle triangle ABC unit vertex whole

### Popular passages

Page 237 - In every plane triangle, the sum of two sides is to their difference as the tangent of half the sum of the angles opposite those sides is to the tangent of half their difference.

Page 247 - Being on a horizontal plane, and wanting to ascertain the height of a tower, standing on the top of an inaccessible hill, there were measured, the angle of elevation of the top of the hill 40°, and of the top of the tower 51° ; then measuring in a direct line 180 feet farther from the hill, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower was 33° 45' ; required the height of the tower.

Page 105 - The perimeters of two regular polygons of the same number of sides, are to each other as their homologous sides, and their surfaces are to each other as the squares of those sides (Book IV.

Page 87 - Two similar triangles are to each other as the squares described on their homologous sides. Let ABC, DEF, be two similar triangles, having the angle A equal to D, and The angle B=E.

Page 165 - THEOREM. 7?/6 convex surface of a cylinder is equal to the circumference of its base multiplied by its altitude.

Page 37 - CIRCLE is a plane figure bounded by a curved line, all the points of which are equally distant from a point within called the centre; as the figure ADB E.

Page 151 - AK. The two solids AG, AQ, having the same base AEHD are to each other as their altitudes AB, AO ; in like manner, the two solids AQ, AK, having the same base AOLE, are to each other as their altitudes AD, AM. Hence we have the two proportions, sol.

Page 82 - The areas of two triangles which have an angle of the one equal to an angle of the other are to each other as the products of the sides including the equal angles. A D A' Hyp. In triangles ABC and A'B'C', To prove AABC A A'B'C' A'B' x A'C ' Proof. Draw the altitudes BD and B'D'.

Page 278 - ... 1. To find the length of an arc of 30 degrees, the diameter being 18 feet. ' Ans. 4.712364. 2. To find the length of an arc of 12° 10', or 12£°, the diameter being 20 feet.

Page 89 - ABC : FGH : : ACD : FHI. By the same mode of reasoning, we should find ACD : FHI : : ADE : FIK; and so on, if there were more triangles. And from this series of equal ratios, we conclude that the sum of the antecedents...