## An Elementary Geometry |

### From inside the book

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**divided**by equals , the quotients are equal . 5. Like powers and like roots of equals are equal . 6. The whole of a magnitude is greater than any of its parts . 7. The whole of a magnitude is equal to the sum of all its parts . 8 ... Page 20

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**divided**into as many triangles as it has sides minus two ; and the sum of the angles of each triangle is equal to two right angles ( 33 ) ; therefore the sum of the angles of all the triangles , that is , the sum of the interior angles ... Page 25

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**divided**by b . b 2. The Terms of a ratio are the quantities compared , whether simple or compound . The first term of a ratio is called the antecedent , the other the consequent ; the two terms together are called a couplet . 3. An ... Page 26

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**divided**by b equals c**divided**by d . 5. In a proportion the antecedents and consequents of the two ratios are respectively the antecedents and consequents of the proportion . The first and fourth terms are called the extremes , and the ... Page 29

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**divided**by any quantity , and the result- ing quantities will be in proportion . And since by ( 15 ) , if abma : mb , a : m a bmb or ma : amb : b , it follows that both consequents , or both antecedents , may be multiplied or**divided**by ...### Other editions - View all

### Common terms and phrases

A B C ABCD adjacent altitude angle ABC apothem arcs A B base and altitude bisect centre chord circ circumference cone construct the triangle convex surface Corollary cube cylinder diagonals diameter distance divided dodecagon EATON'S equal altitudes equally distant equiangular equilateral feet frustum given angle given circle given line given point given side given square half the arc hexagon homologous sides hypothenuse included angle infinite number inscribed internal angles intersection isosceles triangle Let ABCDEF line joining lines A B measured by half number of sides opposite sides parallel planes parallelogram parallelopiped perimeter perpendicular plane parallel quadrilateral radii radius ratio rectangle regular polygon respectively equal rhombus right angles right prism right pyramid right triangle Scholium secant segment similar triangles slant height sphere tangent THEOREM VII trapezoid triangle ABC vertex

### Popular passages

Page 25 - Four quantities are in proportion when the ratio of the first to the second is equal to the ratio of the third to the fourth.

Page 30 - If any number of quantities are proportional, any antecedent is to its consequent as the sum of all the antecedents is to the sum of all the consequents. Let a : b = c : d = e :f Now ab = ab (1) and by Theorem I.

Page 27 - If the product of two quantities is equal to the product of two others, the...

Page 43 - The area of a regular polygon is equal to half the product of its perimeter and apothem.

Page 11 - If two triangles have two sides, and the included angle of the one equal to two sides and the included angle of the other, each to each, the two triangles are equal in all respects.

Page 23 - If two triangles have two sides of one respectively equal to two sides of the other, but the third sides unequal...

Page 20 - ... polygon, is equal to twice as many right angles as the polygon has sides minus two.

Page 49 - A Circle is a plane figure bounded by a curved line every point of which is equally distant from a point within called the center.

Page 70 - A right cylinder is a solid described by the revolution of a rectangle about one of its sides.

Page 64 - DEFINITIONS. 1 . A straight line is perpendicular to a plane, when it is perpendicular to every straight line of the plane which it meets.