Elements of physical geography

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Page 144 - A carefully compiled history for the use of schools. The writer has consulted the more recent authorities : his opinions are liberal, and on the whole just and impartial : the succession of events is developed with clearness, and with more of that picturesque...
Page 56 - This day has been memorable in the annals of Valdivia, for the most severe earthquake experienced by the oldest inhabitant. I happened to be on shore, and was lying down in the wood to rest myself. It came on suddenly, and lasted two minutes, but the time appeared much longer.
Page 58 - ... be safe. Not being able, from the motion of the ground, to stand, he crawled up on his hands and knees ; and no sooner had he ascended this little eminence, than the other side of the house fell in, the great beams sweeping close in front of his head.
Page 49 - As often as I have seen beds of mud, sand, and shingle, accumulated to the thickness of many thousand feet, I have felt inclined to exclaim that causes, such as the present rivers and the present beaches, could never have ground down and produced such masses.
Page 58 - Shortly after the shock, a great wave was seen from the distance of three or four miles, approaching in the middle of the bay with a smooth outline; but along the shore it tore up cottages and trees, as it swept onwards with irresistible force. At the head of the bay it broke in a fearful line of white breakers, which rushed up to a height of 23 vertical feet above the highest spring-tides.
Page 58 - ... ruins; and no one knew whether his dearest friends and relations were not perishing from the want of help. Those who had saved any property were obliged to keep a constant watch, for thieves prowled about, and at each little trembling of the ground, with one hand they beat their breasts and cried "misericordia!
Page 58 - ... province amount to many thousands) must have perished, instead of less than a hundred. As it was, the invariable practice of running out of doors at the first trembling of the ground alone saved them. In Concepcion each house, or row of houses, stood by itself, a heap or line of ruins ; but in Talcahuano, owing to the great wave, little more than one layer of bricks, tiles, and timber, with here and there part of a wall left standing, could be distinguished.
Page 120 - L, be any points in its circumference, then GF and GE together will be of the same length as KF and KE together, or LF and LE together. THE MAJOR Axis of an ellipse is the straight line drawn through the foci, and terminated both ways by the circumference, as A O. The middle point of this line, C, is the CENTRE of the ellipse. The minor axis of the ellipse is the straight lino through the centre at right angles to the MAJOR AXIS, as B D.
Page 58 - ... up on his hands and knees ; and no sooner had he ascended this little eminence, than the other side of the house fell in, the great beams sweeping close in front of his head. With his eyes blinded, and his mouth choked with the cloud of dust which darkened the sky, at last he gained the street. A...

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