## The Constructive arithmetic |

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### Common terms and phrases

added Addition amount Area Arithmetical Breadth called carried cent ciphers Common Compound contain continued cost cubic Decimal Denominator Difference Digit distributed Divide Dividend Division Divisor employed equal equivalent Example completed EXERCISE expressed Factor farthings feet figures Find five four fourth Fraction gain given greater half Hence hund hundred inches Integer Interest kind length less lots mean Measure method miles millions mils Mixed months Multiply nine NOTE pence pieces pounds PRINCIPLE Product Proportion quantity question Quotient Ratio Reduce Remainder represent Required result root Rule Second seven shillings side Simple Solidity square Subtract Supposing Table Take tens thick third thous thousand true units Vinculum Vulgar Fraction weight whole wide worth writing yards

### Popular passages

Page 380 - A circle is a plane figure contained by one line, which is called the circumference, and is such that all straight lines drawn from a certain point within the figure to the circumference, are equal to one another.

Page 55 - To multiply a decimal by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the right as there are ciphers in the multiplier ; and if there be not places enough in the number, annex ciphers.

Page 381 - IN right angled triangles, the rectilineal figure described upon the side opposite to the right angle, is equal to the similar and similarly described figures upon the sides containing the right angle...

Page 97 - Once, Twice, Three times, Four times, Five times, Six times, Seven times...

Page 146 - In a proportion the antecedents and consequents of the two ratios are respectively the antecedents and consequents of the proportion. The first and fourth terms are called the extremes, and the second and third the means.

Page 160 - A post is i in the mud, ^ in the water, and 10 feet above the water : what is the whole length of the post ? Ans. 24 feet. 28.

Page 161 - When a decimal number is to be divided by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the left as there are ciphers in the divisor, and if there be not figures enough in the number, prefix ciphers.

Page 161 - Any quantity may be transposed from one side of an equation to the other, if, at the same time, its sign, be changed.

Page 161 - B $300, and C $100. Prob. 12. Divide the number a into three such parts that the second may be m times as great as the first, and the third n times as great as the second.

Page 134 - Multiplying or dividing both terms of a fraction by the same number does not alter the value of the fraction.