# Rudiments of Arithmetic: Containing Numerous Exercises for the Slate and Blackboard for Beginners

Clark & Maynard, 1868 - Arithmetic - 160 pages

### Contents

 SECTION 7 SECTION II 16 SECTION III 27 SECTION IV 36 General Rule for Multiplication 43 SECTION V 49 Rule for Short Division 54 To divide by 10 100 1000 c 61
 Multiplication of Fractions 80 SECTION VII 88 TABLES in Compound Numbers 99 Subtraction of Federal Money 106 Rule for Reduction Ascending 114 Compound Addition 120 Miscellaneous Exercises 127 Answers to Examples 133

 SECTION VI 67 Subtraction of Fractions 74
 124 139

### Popular passages

Page 10 - Cardinal numbers: 1 one 2 two 3 three 4 four 5 five 6 six 7 seven 8 eight 9 nine 10 ten 11 eleven 12 twelve 13 thirteen 14 fourteen 15 fifteen 16 sixteen 17 seventeen 18 eighteen 19 nineteen 20...
Page 72 - RULE. Multiply all the numerators together for a new numerator, and all the denominators for a new denominator: then reduce the new fraction to its lowest terms.
Page 97 - Circular Measure is applied to the divisions of the circle, and is used in reckoning latitude and longitude, and the motion of the heavenly bodies. 60 seconds (") make 1 minute, marked 60 minutes " 1 degree, " o 30 degrees " 1 sign, " s. 12 signs, or 360° " 1 circle,
Page 93 - A pile of wood 8 feet long, 4 feet wide, and 4 feet high, contains 1 cord; and a cord foot is 1 foot in length of such a pile.
Page 90 - Weight is used in weighing groceries and all coarse articles ; as sugar, tea, coffee, butter, cheese, flour, hay, &c., and all metals except gold and silver. 16 drams (dr.) make 1 ounce, marked oz. 16 ounces " 1 pound, " Ib. 25 pounds " 1 quarter, " qr. 4 quarters " 1 hundred weight, cwt. 20 hundred weight
Page 49 - The number to be divided is called the dividend. The number by which we divide is called the divisor.
Page 70 - To reduce an improper fraction to a whole, or mixed number. Divide the numerator by the denominator, and the quotient will be the whole, or mixed number required.
Page 46 - When the multiplier is 10, 100, 1000, or 1 with any number of ciphers annexed, annex as many ciphers to the multiplicand as there are ciphers in the multiplier, and the multiplicand, so increased, will be the product required.
Page 62 - Cut off the ciphers from the divisor, and the same number of figures from the right of the dividend. Then divide the remaining figures of the dividend by the remaining figures of the divisor.
Page 22 - January 31, February 28, March 31, April 30, May 31, June 30, July 31, August 31, September 30, October 31, November 30, December 31.