## Examples in arithmetic and mensuration |

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acres amount articles cost base bought breadth cent circle circumference cloth common COMPOUND contained cube cubic decimal denominator diameter distance divide dividend DIVISION divisor dwts equal EXAMPLES express feet field figure Find the area Find the cost Find the interest Find the value fraction gain gallons gals given guineas half height horses inches income length less loss MEASURE method miles months Multiply ounces pence perpendicular person pound principal Problem PROPORTION purchased quantity quarter quotient reap Reduce remainder rent result root Rule shilling side sold solid square foot square yard statement SUBTRACTION sugar term thickness third term tons vulgar fraction wall week weigh whole number wide worth yard

### Popular passages

Page 3 - OF TIME. 60 Seconds = 1 Minute 60 Minutes =± 1 Hour 24 Hours = 1 Day 7 Days = 1 Week 28 Days = 1 Lunar Month...

Page 36 - To reduce an improper fraction to a whole or mixed number, — RULE : Divide the numerator by the denominator ; the quotient will be the whole or mixed number.

Page 45 - Sir," said I, after puzzling a long time over "more requiring more and less requiring less" — "will you tell me why I sometimes multiply the second and third terms together and divide by the first — and at other times multiply the first and second and divide by the third?" "Why, because more requires more sometimes, and sometimes it requires less — to be sure. Haven't you read the rule, my boy?" " Yes, sir, I can repeat the rule, but I don't understand it.

Page 48 - RULE. — Divide as in whole numbers, and point off in the quotient as many places to the left for decimals as the decimal places in the dividend exceed those in the divisor.

Page 3 - Measure) 4 gills = 1 pint 2 pints = 1 quart 2 quarts = 1 pottle 2 pottles = 1 gallon 4 quarts = 1 gallon 2 gallons = 1 peck 4 pecks = 1 bushel 8 bushels = 1 quarter...

Page 15 - Then, if by the nature of the question the answer must be greater than the third term, place the greater of the other two numbers for the second term...

Page 34 - An Improper Fraction is one whose numerator is equal to or greater than its denominator ; as, f , -J.

Page 64 - ... numbers are said to be prime to each other when they contain no common factor except 1 ; thus, 8 and 15 are prime to each other. 89. The Power of a number is the number itself, or the product obtained by taking that number a number of times as a factor. The number itself is the first power ; if it is taken twice as a factor, the product is called the second power, or square; if three times, it is called the third power, or cube ; if four times, the fourth power, &c.

Page 36 - Operations with Fractions A) To change a mixed number to an improper fraction, simply multiply the whole number by the denominator of the fraction and add the numerator.

Page 71 - Multiply the sum of the parallel sides by the perpendicular distance between them, and half the product will be the area.