## New Practical Arithmetic: In which the Science and Its Applications are Simplified by Induction and Analysis : Prepared to Accompany the Mathematical Series of Benjamin Greenleaf |

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### Common terms and phrases

acres added allowing amount APPLICATIONS balance barrels base bill bought bushels called cent common compound contained cord cost cube cubic decimal denominator denoting diameter difference discount divided dividend division divisor dollars equal equivalent Examples Exchange Exercises Explain the operation expressed face factors feet figures five four fourth fraction gain gallons give given gold half Hence horses hundred inches interest July length less loss Measure meters miles mills months Multiply OPERATION paid payment places pounds prime principal proceeds profit proportion quantity quotient ratio received Reduce remainder Repeat REVIEW QUESTIONS rods root Rule share sides simple sold SOLUTION square subtract Table tens third thousand tons units weight whole worth write written yards

### Popular passages

Page 141 - SQUARE MEASURE 144 square inches (sq. in.) = 1 square foot (sq. ft.) 9 square feet = 1 square yard (sq. yd.) 30| square yards = 1 square rod (sq. rd.) 160 square rods = 1 acre (A.) 640 acres = 1 square mile (sq.

Page 144 - DRY MEASURE 2 pints (pt.) = 1 quart (qt.) 8 quarts =1 peck (pk.) 4 pecks = 1 bushel (bu...

Page 93 - Multiplying or dividing both terms of a fraction by the same number does not change the value of the fraction.

Page 143 - LIQUID MEASURE 4 gills (gi.) = 1 pint (pt.) 2 pints = 1 quart (qt...

Page 310 - The areas of circles are to each other as the squares of their diameters.

Page 138 - TROY WEIGHT. 24 grains (gr.) = 1 pennyweight (pwt.). 20 pennyweights = 1 ounce (oz.). 12 ounces = 1 pound (lb.). 351. Apothecaries' weight is used in mixing medicines and in selling them at retail. APOTHECARIES

Page 106 - Reduce compound fractions to simple ones, and mixt numbers to improper fractions ; then multiply the numerators together for a new numerator, and the denominators for. a new denominator.

Page 83 - Divide the greater number by the less, and the divisor by the remainder, and so on, until there is no remainder; the last divisor will be the greatest common divisor.

Page 226 - In any proportion, the product of the means is equal to the product of the extremes.

Page 81 - The Greatest Common Divisor of two or more numbers is the greatest number that will exactly divide each of them. Thu4, 18 is the greatest, common divisor of 36 and 54, since it is the greatest number that will divide each of them without a remainder.