Notes on Building Construction: Arranged to Meet the Requirements of the Syllabus of the Council on Education, South Kensington, Part 2

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Longmans, Green, and Company, 1891 - Construction industry
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Page iii - COURSE OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION. Notes on Building Construction. Arranged to meet the requirements of the Syllabus of the Science and Art Department of the Committee of Council on Education, South Kensington.
Page v - SYLLABUS. SUBJECT III.— BUILDING CONSTRUCTION. As the object of this Course of Instruction is to lay the foundation of a sound knowledge of the principles, as well as of the practice, of Building Construction, and so lead the workman to labour with his head at the same time as with his hands, the teacher should not, necessarily, attempt to push the students through the whole of the subjects enumerated in this syllabus, but should limit the range of his tuition according to the time at his command...
Page 103 - ... riser. This term is, however, sometimes taken to mean the width of the stair, that is, the length of the steps. The Going of a Flight is the horizontal distance from the first to the last riser in the flight.
Page vi - ... the meaning of such terms as plan, elevation (front, back, or side), section, sectional elevation. He should understand the object of bond in brickwork, ie English bond, Flemish bond, or English bond with Flemish facing, and how it is attained in walls up to three bricks thick, in the following instances— viz.
Page 4 - To guard against the driving wet on the coast, expensive external coverings, ' weather slates,' are used. But these do not stay the interior rising wet. This wet having to be evaporated lowers temperature. Damp walls or houses cause rheumatism, lower strength, and expose the system to other passing causes of disease." It is a wise precaution to cover the whole surface of the ground under a dwelling with a layer of concrete, or asphalte, in order to prevent the damp and bad air out of the ground from...
Page vi - He should undeIsiand the object of bond in brickwork— ie English bond, Flemish bond, or English bond with Flemish facing, and how it is attained in walls up to three bricks thick in the following instances — viz. footings with offsets, angles of buildings, connection of external and internal walls, window and door openings with reveals and square jambs, external gauged arches (camber, segmental, and semi-circular), internal discharging arches over lintels, and inverted arches. He should know...
Page 13 - Joints are formed by drawing a curved iron key or jointer along the center of the flushed joint, pressing it hard, so that the mortar is driven in beyond the face of the wall; a groove of curved section is thus formed, having its surface hardened by the pressure.
Page ix - He must be able to solve simple problems in the theory of construction, and to determine the safe dimensions of iron or wooden beams subjected to dead loads. In ordinary roof trusses and framed structures of a similar description, he must be able to trace the stresses, brought into action by the loads, from the points of application to the points of support, as well as to determine the nature and amount of the stresses on the different members of the truss, and, consequently, the quantity of material...
Page 243 - As the tree increases in age the inner layers are filled up and hardened, becoming what is called "heartwood," the remainder being called "sapwood." The latter is softer and lighter than heartwood and can generally be easily distinguished from it. This is important, as the heartwood is in most trees far superior to the sapwood in strength and durability, and should alone be used in good work. Characteristics of good Timber.
Page 6 - ... to prevent moisture falling upon the outer face from penetrating to the interior of the wall. The wet may be kept out of the interior of the wall by rendering the exterior surface with cement, covering it with slates fixed on battens, or with glazed tiles set in cement. Taylor's pottery facing bricks answer the same purpose. Another plan patented by Mr. Taylor consists of overlapping slates placed vertically in the middle of the wall — the two portions of which are united by peculiar iron ties.

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