## Introduction to the National Arithmetic, on the Inductive System: Combining the Analytic and Synthetic Methods; in which the Principles of the Science are Fully Explained and Illustrated |

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### Common terms and phrases

2far amount annex barrels of flour bill Bought cancel ciphers circumference column common fraction composite number compound interest compound numbers containing cords cost cube root cubic feet decimal diameter discount Divide the product dividend division equal EXAMPLES FOR PRACTICE farthings figure find the interest gain gallons given number given sum grains greatest common divisor Hence hogshead hundred improper fraction inches interest of $1 least common denominator least common multiple less MEASURE miles mills minuend mixed number molasses months multiplicand Multiply NOTE number of terms obtain paid payment pence present worth prime factors prime number principal proof purchase quantity quarts quotient rate per cent ratio received Reduce remainder rule for finding shillings simple fraction simple numbers sold square feet square rods square root subtract subtrahend tens thousand thousandths tons United States money weight whole number write yards

### Popular passages

Page 145 - RULE. — Multiply all the numerators together for a new numerator, and all the denominators for a new denominator.

Page 98 - LIQUID MEASURE 4 gills (gi.) = 1 pint (pt.) 2 pints = 1 quart (qt...

Page 46 - The Dividend is the number to be divided. The Divisor is the number by which we divide.

Page 158 - Multiply the numerators together for a new numerator, and the denominators together for a new denominator.

Page 143 - To reduce a mixed number to an improper fraction. RULE. — Multiply the whole number by the denominator of...

Page 46 - It shows that the number before it is to be divided by the number after it Thus 6 -i- 2 = 3 is read, 6 divided by 2 is equal to 3.

Page 277 - The square of the hypothenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides ; as, 5033 402+302.

Page 56 - RULE. — Cut off• the ciphers from the divisor, and the same number of figures from the right of the dividend. Then divide the remaining figures of the dividend by the remaining figures of the divisor. 57. How do you divide by 10?

Page 189 - When a decimal number is to be divided by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the left as there are ciphers in the divisor, and if there be not figures enough in the number, prefix ciphers.

Page 155 - Multiplication is the process of taking one number as many times as there are units in another.