## A Mental Arithmetic, Upon the Inductive Plan |

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### Common terms and phrases

12 cents 12 days 12 dollars 20 per cent 40 dollars 50 cents 9 cents 9 dollars acres amount barrel of flour bought boys bushels of corn bushels of wheat cents a dozen cents a pound cents a quart cents a yard cents apiece contained cords of wood cows cubic feet decimal fraction denominator dimes dollar a bushel dollars a yard earn eight equal equivalent mixed factors fifths fourths furlongs gain gallons gave give hogshead horse hundred hundred-weight improper fraction interest of $100 John less LESSON lowest terms MENTAL ARITHMETIC merator miles an hour mixed number molasses months Multiply nator NOTE oranges ounces paid pecks pence pennyweights pine-apple pints pounds of sugar present worth prime number quarters quire rate per cent receive Reduce remainder sell sevenths sheep shillings sixths square rods subtract tens third weeks whole number yards of broadcloth yards of cloth

### Popular passages

Page 28 - If two men start from the same place, and travel in opposite directions, the one travelling at the rate of 3 miles an hour, and the other at the rate of 4 miles an hour, how far apart will they be at the end of 5 hours ? 11.

Page 122 - Multiplication is the process of taking one number as many times as there are units in another number.

Page 55 - NUMBERS. 12 units = 1 dozen. 12 dozen — 1 gross. 12 gross = 1 great gross. 20 units = 1 score.

Page 50 - Square Measure 144 square inches (sq. in.) = 1 square foot (sq. ft.) 9 square feet = 1 square yard (sq. yd.) 30j square yards = 1 square rod (sq. rd.) 160 square rods = 1 acre (A.) 640 acres = 1 square mile (sq.

Page 46 - TROY WEIGHT. 24 grains (gr.) = 1 pennyweight (pwt.). 20 pennyweights = 1 ounce (oz.). 12 ounces = 1 pound (lb.). 351. Apothecaries' weight is used in mixing medicines and in selling them at retail. APOTHECARIES

Page 53 - DRY MEASURE 2 pints (pt.) = 1 quart (qt.) 8 quarts =1 peck (pk.) 4 pecks = 1 bushel (bu...

Page 47 - AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. 16 Drams (dr.) make 1 Ounce, oz. 16 Ounces " 1 Pound, Ib. 25 Pounds " 1 Quarter, qr. 4 Quarters " 1 Hundred-weight, cwt. 20 Hundred-weight

Page 114 - A cistern has 4 pipes ; the first will fill it in 2 hours, the second will fill it in 3 hours, the third in 4 hours, and the fourth will empty it in 2 hours ; now, if the pipes are all open at the same time, how long •will it take to fill the cistern ? 10.

Page 66 - When the numerator is less than the denominator, the fraction is called a proper fraction ; when the numerator is equal to or larger than the denominator, the fraction is called an improper fraction ; when a fraction is joined with a whole number, the expression is called a mixed number.