An Elementary Treatise on Algebra: To which are Added Exponential Equations and Logarithms
James Munroe, 1858 - Algebra - 284 pages
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Common terms and phrases
approximate values arithmetical becomes body called coefficient consequently contained continued fraction continued product Corollary corresponding decimal denominator denote derivative difference Divide dividend division Elimination equal roots EXAMPLES exponent Extract factor figure Find Find the square Find the sum fourth fraction Free function given equation gives greater greatest common divisor Hence imaginary increased integral known last term less letter limit logarithm means method monomials multiplied negative number of real number of terms obtained places polynomial positive preceding Problem progression proportion quotient ratio real roots reduced remainder result reverse row of signs Solution Solve the equation square root substitution subtracted successive Theorem third true unity unknown quantity variable whence zero
Page 48 - In any proportion the terms are in proportion by Composition and Division ; that is, the sum of the first two terms is to their difference, as the sum of the last two terms is to their difference.
Page 268 - The logarithm of any power of a number is equal to the logarithm of the number multiplied by the exponent of the power.
Page 55 - There is a number consisting of two digits, the second of which is greater than the first, and if the number be divided by the sum of its digits, the quotient is 4...
Page 127 - Multiply the divisor, thus augmented, by the last figure of the root, and subtract the product from the dividend, and to the remainder bring down the next period for a new dividend. V. Double the whole root already found, for a new divisor, and continue the operation as before, until all the periods are brought down.
Page 192 - One hundred stones being placed on the ground in a straight line, at the distance of 2 yards from each other, how far will a person travel who shall bring them one by one to a basket, placed at 2 yards from the first stone ? Ans.
Page 268 - The logarithm of the quotient is equal to the logarithm of the dividend, diminished by the logarithm of the divisor.
Page 63 - A term may be transposed from one member of an equation to the other by changing its sign.
Page 130 - ... as many times as there are units in the exponent of the required power. Hence...
Page 32 - The 2d line of col. 1 is the 1st line multiplied by 7 in order to render its first term divisible by the first term of the new divisor ; the remainder of the division is the 4th line of col.
Page 1 - Definitions and Notation. 1. Algebra, according to the usual definition, is that branch of mathematics in which the quantities considered are represented by the letters of the alphabet, and the operations to be performed upon them are indicated by signs. In this sense it would embrace almost the whole science of mathematics, elementary geometry alone being excepted. It is, consequently, subject in common use to some limitations, which will be more easily understood, when we are advanced in the science.