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acceleration acid action air-pump ampere angle armature attraction axis ball battery body called cell centimetres centre of mass charge chromic acid cells circuit coil colored conductor connected copper cubic centimetre cylinder diameter direction disk displaced distance earth effect elasticity electricity electrified electroscope energy equal experiment fall feet per second fluid force acting galvanometer gases glass tube grammes gravity heat helix Hence hydrogen illustrated inch increase induction iron kilogrammes kinetic energy length lens lever Leyden jar light lines of force liquid machine magnet mechanical advantage mercury metallic metres molecules motion moving needle ohms parallel particle passes pendulum piece piston plane plate pole position potential poundals pressure produced quantity rays reflected refraction resistance shows sound substance sulphuric acid surface suspended temperature tion tricity unit velocity vertical vessel vibration volume weight wire zinc
Page 331 - When a ray of light passes from one medium to another, it is refracted so that the ratio of the sine of the angle of incidence to the sine of the angle of refraction is equal to the ratio of the velocities in the two media.
Page 222 - Resistance Inversely Proportional to Cross-Section. The resistance of a conductor is inversely proportional to its cross-sectional area. Hence the greater the cross-section of a wire the less is its resistance. Therefore, if two wires have the same length, but one has a cross-section three times that of the other, the resistance' of the former is one-third that of the latter.
Page 33 - Every body continues in its state of rest or of uniform motion in a straight line, except in so far as it is compelled by force to change that state.
Page 50 - Newton generalized the law of attraction into a statement that every particle of matter in the universe attracts every other particle with a force which varies directly as the product of their masses and inversely as the square of the distance between them; and he thence deduced the law of attraction for spherical shells of constant density.
Page 228 - The strength of the current is proportional to the tangent of the angle of deflection.
Page 33 - Change of motion is proportional to the impressed force and takes place in the direction of the straight line in which the force acts.
Page 112 - The loss of weight of a body immersed in a fluid is equal to the weight of the displaced fluid, or a body immersed in a fluid is buoyed up by a force equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by it.
Page 224 - Such an electromotive force as would cause a current of one ampere to flow through a resistance of one ohm.
Page 315 - AC (Fig. 124), the greater part of it is reflected in a definite direction. The angle that the incident ray makes with the normal PB to the reflecting surface at the point of incidence is called the angle of incidence, as IBP ; and the angle between the reflected ray and this normal is the angle of reflection, as RBP.