## Plane and Solid Geometry |

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### Common terms and phrases

ABCD adjacent altitude angle formed angles are equal base bisector bisects called chord circle circumference circumscribed coincide common Consequently Construct contains corresponding Data describe diagonals diameter difference direction distance divide Draw drawn edges equal equal circles equidistant equivalent exterior extremities faces figure Find formed given given point greater half Hence homologous included inscribed intercepted interior angles intersecting isosceles triangle joining lateral less limit measured meet middle point opposite sides parallel parallel lines parallelogram pass perimeter perpendicular plane polygon prism Problem produced Proof proportion Proposition prove pyramid quadrilateral radii radius ratio rectangle reference regular respectively right angles right triangle secant segment sides similar Solution sphere spherical square straight line subtended SUGGESTION surface tangent Theorem third transversal trapezoid unequal vertex vertical angle volume

### Popular passages

Page 103 - The angle in a semicircle is a right angle ; the angle in a segment greater than a semicircle is less than a right angle ; and the angle in a segment less than a semicircle is greater than a right angle.

Page 147 - Sines that the bisector of an angle of a triangle divides the opposite side into parts proportional to the adjacent sides.

Page 65 - The line joining the middle points of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and equal to half of the third side.

Page 45 - After remarking that the mathematician positively knows that the sum of the three angles of a triangle is equal to two right angles...

Page 62 - From 56 and 57 the pupils should learn that two triangles are equal in every respect (a) when two sides and the included angle of one are equal to two sides and the included angle of the other...

Page 59 - If the opposite sides of a quadrilateral are equal, the figure is a parallelogram.

Page 81 - A circle is a plane figure bounded by a curved line, every point of which is equally distant from a point within called the center.

Page 45 - In an isosceles triangle the angles opposite the equal sides are equal.

Page 31 - If two parallel lines are cut by a third straight line, the sum of the two interior angles on the same side of the secant line is equal to two right angles.

Page 88 - In the same circle, or in equal circles, equal chords are equally distant from the center; and, conversely, chords equally distant from the center are equal.