## Elements of geometry, based on Euclid, book i |

### From inside the book

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**equilateral triangle**is that which has three equal sides . 25. An**isosceles triangle**is that which has only two sides equal . 26. A scalene triangle is that which has three unequal sides . 27. A right - angled triangle is that which has ... Page 13

... triangle ABC be applied to ( or placed Suppose upon ) the triangle DEF , A ABC put upon So that the point A may be ...

... triangle ABC be applied to ( or placed Suppose upon ) the triangle DEF , A ABC put upon So that the point A may be ...

**isosceles triangle**are equal to one another ; and if the equal sides be produced , the angles upon the other ... Page 16

... triangle Bbe without the other triangle . CONSTRUCTION . - Join CD . PROOF . Because AC is equal to AD ( Hyp . ) , The triangle ADC is an

... triangle Bbe without the other triangle . CONSTRUCTION . - Join CD . PROOF . Because AC is equal to AD ( Hyp . ) , The triangle ADC is an

**isosceles triangle**, and the angle 4 ACD ACD is therefore equal to the angle ADC ( I. 5 ) . LADC ... Page 17

... triangle BDC is an

... triangle BDC is an

**isosceles triangle**, and the angle BDC = BDC is equal to the angle BCD ( I. 5 ) . But the angle BDC has been shown to be greater than the angle BCD . 4 BCD . Therefore the angle BDC is both equal to , and greater than ... Page 25

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**triangle**ABC , it is greater than the interior and opposite angle ABC ( I ...**triangle**is opposite the greater angle . Let ABC be a**triangle**, of ...**isosceles**( I. 5 ) , Therefore the angle ABD is greater than the angle BCD ...### Other editions - View all

### Common terms and phrases

ABC is equal adjacent angles alternate angles angle ABC angle BAC angle BCD angle contained angle EDF angle EGB angle GHD angles BGH angles CBE angles equal bisect centre cloth Const describe the circle diagonal equal sides equal to BC equal triangles equilateral triangle exterior angle Fcap four right angles GHD Ax given point given rectilineal angle given straight line given triangle gram HENRY EVERS interior and opposite isosceles triangle join less Let ABC LL.D meet opposite angles parallel straight lines parallel to BC parallelogram ABCD perpendicular Post 8vo PROOF PROOF.-Because Q. E. D. Proposition rectilineal figure remaining angle right angles Ax side BC sides are opposite sides equal square described square GB third angle trapezium triangle ABC triangle DEF WILLIAM COLLINS

### Popular passages

Page 23 - When a straight line standing on another straight line makes the adjacent angles equal to one another, each of the angles is called a right angle; and the straight line which stands on the other is called a perpendicular to it.

Page 33 - If two triangles have two angles of the one equal to two angles of the other, each to each ; and one side equal to one side, viz.

Page 43 - Parallelograms upon the same base, and between the same parallels, are equal to one another.

Page 15 - The angles at the base of an Isosceles triangle are equal to one another ; and if the equal sides be produced, the angles upon the other side of the base shall also be equal. Let ABC be an isosceles triangle, of which the side AB is equal to AC, and let the straight lines AB, AC...

Page 11 - Things which are double of the same, are equal to one another. 7. Things which are halves of the same, are equal to one another.

Page 37 - If a straight line meets two straight lines, so as to " make the two interior angles on the same side of it taken " together less than two right angles...

Page 41 - ... together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.

Page 15 - J which the equal sides are opposite, shall be equal, each to each, viz. the angle ABC to the angle DEF, and the angle ACB to DFE.

Page 55 - IF the square described upon one of 'the sides of a triangle be equal to the squares described upon the other two sides of it ; the angle contained by these two sides is a right angle.

Page 24 - If, at a point in a straight line, two other straight lines, on the opposite sides of it, make the adjacent angles together equal to two right angles, these two straight lines shall be in one and the same straight line.