## Elements of Plane and Solid Geometry |

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### Common terms and phrases

A B C D AABC ABCD altitude apothem arc A B axis base and altitude centre centre of symmetry chord circumference circumscribed coincide cone of revolution conical surface COROLLARY cylinder denote diagonals diameter dihedral angle distance divided draw equal respectively equally distant equilateral equilateral polygon equivalent frustum given point Hence homologous sides hypotenuse intersection isosceles lateral area lateral edges lateral faces Let A B line A B middle point mutually equiangular number of sides opposite parallel lines parallelogram parallelopiped perimeter perpendicular plane MN polyhedral angle prove Q. E. D. PROPOSITION radii ratio rect rectangles regular inscribed regular polygon right angles right section SCHOLIUM similar polygons slant height sphere spherical angle spherical polygon spherical triangle straight line drawn surface tangent tetrahedron THEOREM trihedral upper base vertex vertices volume

### Popular passages

Page 188 - Two triangles having an angle of the one equal to an angle of the other are to each other as the products of the sides including the equal angles.

Page 347 - A sphere is a solid bounded by a surface all points of which are equally distant from a point within called the centre.

Page 134 - In a series of equal ratios, the sum of the antecedents is to the sum of the consequents as any antecedent is to its consequent.

Page 201 - To construct a parallelogram equivalent to a given square, and having the sum of its base and altitude equal to a given line.

Page 221 - The area of a regular inscribed hexagon is a mean proportional between the areas of the inscribed and circumscribed equilateral triangles.

Page 217 - The area of a regular polygon is equal to onehalf the product of its apothem and perimeter.

Page 44 - Two triangles are equal if the three sides of the one are equal, respectively, to the three sides of the other. In the triangles ABC and A'B'C', let AB be equal to A'B', AC to A'C', BC to B'C'. To prove that A ABC = A A'B'C'.

Page 186 - In any triangle, the square of the side opposite an acute angle is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides diminished by twice the product of one of those sides and the projection of the other upon that side.

Page 346 - A frustum of any pyramid is equivalent to the sum of three pyramids whose common altitude is the altitude of the frustum, and whose bases are the lower base, the upper base, and a mean proportional between the bases, of the frustum. For, let ABCDE-F be a frustum of any pyramid S-ABCDE. Let S'-A'B'C' be a triangular pyramid, having the same altitude as the pyramid S-ABCDE, and a base A'B'C' equivalent to the base ABCDE, and in the same plane with it.

Page 95 - BAC, inscribed in a segment greater than a semicircle, is an acute angle ; for it is measured by half of the arc BOC, less than a semicircumference.