First Book in Arithmetic: Including Oral and Written Exercises

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Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor & Company, 1874 - Arithmetic - 168 pages
 

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Page 145 - Dry Measure 2 pints (pt.) =1 quart (qt.) 8 quarts = 1 peck (pk.) 4 pecks = 1 bushel (bu.) 2150.42 cu.
Page 147 - TROY WEIGHT. 24 grains (gr.) = 1 pennyweight (pwt.). 20 pennyweights = 1 ounce (oz.). 12 ounces = 1 pound (lb.). ' 351. Apothecaries' weight is used in mixing medicines and in selling them at retail. APOTHECARIES
Page 139 - Square Measure 144 square inches (sq. in.) = 1 square foot (sq. ft.) 9 square feet = 1 square yard (sq. yd.) 30 square yards = 1 square rod (sq. rd.) 160 square rods = 1 acre (A.) 640 acres = 1 square mile (sq.
Page 46 - Division is the process of finding how many times one number is contained in another of the same kind. The number to be divided is called the dividend. The number by which we divide is called the divisor. The number which shows how many times the divisor is contained in the dividend is called the quotient.
Page 109 - ... to the right of the 1 hundred. Then 3 is contained in 14, 4 times and a remainder. Write the 4 in the quotient, multiply the divisor by it, and subtract the product 12 from 14, and the remainder is 2 tens or 20 units, to which add the 7 units of the dividend, making 27. 3 is contained in 27, 9 times. Multiplying and subtracting as before, nothing remains. PROOF : 149 x 3 = 447. The work may be shortened very much by what is termed Short Division, as follows : 3 is contained in 4, once and 1 remainder...
Page 135 - Scale: 4 farthings (far.) = 1 penny (d.); 12 pence = 1 shilling (s.) ; 20 shillings — 1 pound (). 156.
Page 148 - The following denominations are also used : 100 Pounds of Grain or Flour make 1 Cental. 100 Pounds of Dry Fish 100 Pounds of Nails 196 Pounds of Flour 200 Pounds of Pork or Beef 280 Pounds 41.
Page 143 - A pile of wood 8 ft. long, 4 ft. wide, and 4 ft. high, contains 1 cord.
Page 153 - When a letter is placed after one of greater value, its value is to be added to that of the greater. Thus, VI represents 6 ; XV, 13 ; LXX, 70 ; DC, 600.
Page 107 - ... 9 times 2 in 2 1 time 2 in 4 2 times 2 in 6 3 times 2 in 8 4 times 2 in 10 5 times...

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