# Elements of Algebra

Macmillan, 1918 - Algebra - 309 pages
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### Contents

 CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER II 15 CHAPTER III 31 CHAPTER IV 45 LINEAR EQUATIONS AND PROBLEMS 53 CHAPTER VI 76 The Difference of Two Squares 84 FRACTIONS 93
 CHAPTER XII 148 CHAPTER XIII 165 CHAPTER XV 178 THE THEORY OF EXPONENTS 195 RADICALS 201 Involution and Evolution of Radicals 218 THE FACTOR THEOREM 227 FRACTIONAL AND LITERAL EQUATIONS 233

 Multiplication of Fractions 102 CHAPTER IX 108 RATIO AND PROPORTION 120 CHAPTER XI 129 Quantities 140
 PROGRESSIONS 246 Infinite Geometric Progression 253 178 266 Copyright

### Popular passages

Page 40 - The square of the difference of two numbers is equal to the square of the first, minus twice the product of the first and the second, plus the square of the second.
Page 40 - The product of the sum and the difference of two numbers is equal to the difference of their squares.
Page 83 - A trinomial belongs to this type, ie it is a perfect square, when two of its terms are perfect squares, and the remaining term is equal to twice the product of the square roots of these terms. The student should note that a term, in order to be a perfect square, must have a positive sign.
Page 122 - If the product of two numbers -is equal to the product of two other numbers, either pair may be made the means, and the other pair the extremes, of a proportion.
Page 122 - In any proportion the product of the means is equal to the product of the extremes.
Page 93 - If the numerator and denominator of each fraction is multiplied (or divided) by the same number, the value of the fraction will not change.
Page 47 - To divide a polynomial by a monomial, divide each term of the dividend by the divisor and add the partial quotients.
Page 54 - The process of solving equations depends upon the following principles, called axioms : 1. If equals be added to equals, the sums are equal. 2. If equals be subtracted from equals, the remainders are equal. 3. If equals be multiplied by equals, the products are equal. 4. If equals be divided by equals, the quotients are equal. 5. Like powers or like roots of equals are equal. NOTE. Axiom 4 is not true if the divisor equals zero.
Page 167 - The number of terms is greater by 1 than the exponent of the binomial. 2. The exponent of a in the first term is the same as the exponent of the binomial, and decreases by 1 in each succeeding term.
Page 122 - The mean proportional between two numbers is equal to the square root of their product.