Elements of arithmetic for the use of schools
Longman, 1854 - Arithmetic - 215 pages
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Elements of Arithmetic for the Use of Schools: With Tables for the Reduction ...
William Scott, MD
No preview available - 2016
Common terms and phrases
added addition annexed calculation called carried cent column combination common composed compound number consequently contains cube root cubic decimal figures decimal fraction denominator difference divided dividend divisible divisor equal equivalent example follows given greater higher hundred inches last figure length less lower lowest manner measure method millions minuend mixed number multiplicand multiplier names necessary nine number expressed obtained partial dividend partial products period pound preceding prime factors principal proportion proposed numbers quantity quotient ratio reduced remainder repetitions representing result root rule second figure shillings significant figures simple units square square root subtract subtrahend successive taken tens third thousand tion troy unity vulgar fraction weight Whence whole number write written yard zeros
Page 145 - SQUARE MEASURE 144 square inches (sq. in.) = 1 square foot (sq. ft.) 9 square feet = 1 square yard (sq. yd.) 30j square yards = 1 square rod (sq.
Page 47 - Multiply the last remainder by the preceding divisor, or last but one, and to the product add the preceding remainder ; multiply this sum by the next preceding divisor, and to the product add the next preceding remainder ; and so on, till you have gone backward through all the divisors and remainders to the first.
Page 109 - If the number of figures in the quotient is less than the excess of decimal places in the dividend over those of the divisor, supply the deficiency by prefixing ciphers to the quotient.
Page 197 - To express that the ratio of A to B is equal to the ratio of C to D, we write the quantities thus : A : B : : C : D; and read, A is to B as C to D.
Page 89 - Multiply the whole number by the numerator of the fraction, and divide the product by the denominator.
Page 44 - III. Multiply the divisor by this quotient figure, subtract the product from the partial dividend, and to the remainder annex the next figure of the dividend.
Page 199 - D, the ratio compounded of the ratio of A to B, and of the ratio of B to C, and of the ratio of C to D ; or, the ratio of A to D is said to be compounded of the ratios of A to B, B to C, and C to D. And if...
Page 205 - Then multiply the second and third terms together, and divide the product by the first term: the quotient will be the fourth term, or answer.
Page 72 - Multiply the integral part of the mixed number by the denominator of the fractional part ; to the product add the numerator of the fractional part ; the sum will be the numerator of the improper fraction ; under which place the denominator of the fractional part.
Page 145 - Troy Weight. 24 grains (gr.) — 1 pennyweight (dwt). 20 pennyweights — 1 ounce (oz.) 12 ounces — 1 pound (Ib.).