## The Elements of Euclid, the parts read in the University of Cambridge [book 1-6 and parts of book 11,12] with geometrical problems, by J.W. Colenso1846 |

### From inside the book

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**angle**is the inclination of two straight lines to one another , which meet together , but are not in the same ...**ABC**or CBA , that which is contained by AB , DB , is named the**angle**ABD or DBA , and that which is contained by DB , CB ... Page 8

... ABC to the triangle DEF , and the other angles shall be equal , each to each , to which the equal sides are opposite , viz . the

... ABC to the triangle DEF , and the other angles shall be equal , each to each , to which the equal sides are opposite , viz . the

**angle ABC**to the angle DEF , and the angle ACB to the angle DFE . For , if the**triangle ABC**be applied to the ... Page 9

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**triangle ABC**shall coincide with the whole triangle DEF , and be equal to it ; and the other angles of the one shall coincide with the other angles of the other , and be equal to them , each to each , viz . the**angle ABC**to the angle DEF , ... Page 10

... angle ACF to the angle ABG and the angle AFC to the angle AGB : And because the whole AF is equal to the whole AG ... ABC is therefore equal to the remaining angle ACB ( Ax . 3 ) , which are the angles at the base of the

... angle ACF to the angle ABG and the angle AFC to the angle AGB : And because the whole AF is equal to the whole AG ... ABC is therefore equal to the remaining angle ACB ( Ax . 3 ) , which are the angles at the base of the

**triangle ABC**... Page 12

... angle BCD : Again , because BC is equal to BD the angle BCD is equal to the angle BDC : but it has been proved to be greater than it - which is impossible . But , if one of the ...

... angle BCD : Again , because BC is equal to BD the angle BCD is equal to the angle BDC : but it has been proved to be greater than it - which is impossible . But , if one of the ...

**triangle ABC**be applied to the 12 EUCLID'S ELEMENTS .### Other editions - View all

The Elements of Euclid, the Parts Read in the University of Cambridge [Book ... Euclides No preview available - 2016 |

### Common terms and phrases

ABCD angle ABC angle ACB angle BAC base base BC BC is equal bisected centre chord circle circle ABC circumference common described diameter difference divided double draw drawn equal angles equiangular equimultiples extremities fall figure fore four fourth given circle given line given point given straight line greater half inscribed intersection join less Let ABC lines be drawn lines drawn magnitudes manner meet multiple opposite sides parallel parallelogram pass perpendicular plane polygon PROB produced PROP proportionals Q.E.D. PROP ratio rectangle rectangle contained rectilineal figure right angles segment semicircle shew shewn sides similar square square of AC Take taken THEOR third touches the circle triangle ABC Wherefore whole

### Popular passages

Page 42 - To a given straight line to apply a parallelogram, which shall be equal to a given triangle, and have one of its angles equal to a given rectilineal angle.

Page 4 - Let it be granted that a straight line may be drawn from any one point to any other point.

Page 33 - F, which is the common vertex of the triangles: that is », together with four right angles. Therefore all the angles of the figure, together with four right angles are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.

Page 62 - If a straight line be divided into two equal parts, and also into two unequal parts; the rectangle contained by the unequal parts, together with the square of the line between the points of section, is equal to the square of half the line.

Page 22 - If from the ends of a side of a triangle, there be drawn two straight lines to a point within the triangle, these shall be less than the other two sides of the triangle, but shall contain a greater angle.

Page 58 - If there be two straight lines, one of which is divided into any number of parts, the rectangle contained by the two straight lines is equal to the rectangles contained by the undivided line, and the several parts of the divided line.

Page 146 - ... may be demonstrated from what has been said of the pentagon : and likewise a circle may be inscribed in a given equilateral and equiangular hexagon, and circumscribed about it, by a method like to that used for the pentagon.

Page 194 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.

Page 2 - A circle is a plane figure contained by one line, which is called the circumference, and is such, that all straight lines drawn from a certain point within the figure to the circumference are equal to one another : 16.

Page 69 - To divide a given straight line into two parts, so that the rectangle contained by the whole, and one of the parts, may be equal to the square of the other part.