## The Cambridge Companion to NewtonSir Isaac Newton was one of the greatest scientists of all time, a thinker of extraordinary range and creativity who has left enduring legacies in mathematics and the natural sciences. In this volume a team of distinguished contributors examines all the main aspects of Newtons thought, including not only his approach to space, time, mechanics, and universal gravity in his Principia and his research in optics and mathematics, but also his clandestine investigations into alchemy, theology, and prophecy, which have sometimes been overshadowed by his mathematical and scientific interests. |

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### Contents

Introduction | 1 |

Newtons philosophical analysis of space and time | 33 |

Newtons concepts of force and mass with notes on the Laws of Motion | 57 |

Curvature in Newtons dynamics | 85 |

The methodology of the Principia | 138 |

Newtons argument for universal gravitation | 174 |

Newton and celestial mechanics | 202 |

Newtons optics and atomism | 227 |

Newton active powers and the mechanical philosophy | 329 |

The background to Newtons chymistry | 358 |

Newtons alchemy | 370 |

Newton on prophecy and the Apocalypse | 387 |

Newton and eighteenthcentury Christianity | 409 |

Newton versus Leibniz from geometry to metaphysics | 431 |

Newton and the LeibnizClarke correspondence | 455 |

Bibliography | 465 |

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