## A Supplement to the Elements of Euclid |

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### Common terms and phrases

ABCD aggregate arch base bisect centre chord circle ABC circumference common constr construct describe describe the circle diameter difference distance divided double draw drawn equal equiangular equilateral extremities figure finite straight line four fourth given circle given finite straight given point given ratio given straight line greater half inscribed join less Let ABC lines be drawn magnitudes manifest manner mean meet parallel parallelogram pass perpendicular polygon PROBLEM produced PROP proportional rectangle contained right angles segment semi-diameter shewn sides similar square Supp tangent THEOREM third touch the circle trapezium triangle viii wherefore xvii xviii xxix xxvi xxxi xxxii xxxiv

### Popular passages

Page 275 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.

Page 558 - The areas of two triangles which have an angle of the one equal to an angle of the other are to each other as the products of the sides including the equal angles. D c A' D' Hyp. In triangles ABC and A'B'C', ZA = ZA'. To prove AABC = ABxAC. A A'B'C' A'B'xA'C' Proof. Draw the altitudes BD and B'D'.

Page 562 - Wherefore, in equal circles &c. QED PROPOSITION B. THEOREM If the vertical angle of a triangle be bisected by a straight line which likewise cuts the base, the rectangle contained by the sides of the triangle is equal to the rectangle contained by the segments of the base, together with the square on the straight line which bisects the angle.

Page 176 - If a straight line be bisected, and produced to any point ; the rectangle contained by the whole line thus produced, and the part of it produced, together with the square...

Page 555 - ... line and the extremities of the base have the same ratio which the other sides of the triangle have to one another: and if the segments of the base...

Page 537 - If there be two straight lines, one of which is divided into any number of parts, the rectangle contained by the two straight lines is equal to the rectangles contained by the undivided line, and the several parts of the divided line.

Page 323 - IF an angle of a triangle be bisected by a straight line, which likewise cuts the base ; the rectangle contained by the sides of the triangle is equal to the rectangle contained by the segments of the base, together with the square of the...

Page 548 - AB into two parts, so that the rectangle contained by the whole line and one of the parts, shall be equal to the square on the other part.

Page 553 - And if the first have a greater ratio to the second, than the third has to the fourth, but the third the same ratio to the fourth, which the fifth has to the sixth...

Page 15 - ... angles equal; and conversely if two angles of a triangle are equal, two of the sides are equal. 3. If two triangles have the three sides of one equal to the three sides of the other, each to each, do you think the two triangles are alike in every respect ? 4. If two triangles have the three angles of one equal to the three angles of the other, each to each, do you think the two triangles are necessarily alike in every respect ? 5. Draw two triangles, the angles of one being equal to the angles...