## Principles of geometry, mensuration, trigonometry, land-surveying, and levelling, with their application to the solution of practical problems in estimation, surveying and railway engineering |

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### Common terms and phrases

ABCD adding base breadth called centre charge circle circumference cone construct contain cost cubic curve cutting cylinder describe diagonal diameter difference direction distance divided draw drawn equal example expression fall feet field figure find the area foot formula give given greater ground half height hence inches join labour length manner means measured method middle miles Multiply object parallel parallelogram perpendicular perpendicular height plane prism PROBLEM radius rectangle Required the area right angles right-angled triangle rule scale sides sights similar sine solidity sphere square staff station straight line surface survey taken THEOREM thickness triangle triangle ABC units whole

### Popular passages

Page 143 - From half the sum of the three sides, subtract each side severally; multiply the half sum, and the three remainders together, and the square root of the product will be the area required. Example. — Required the area of a triangle, whose sides are 50, 40, and 30 feet. 50 + 40+30 ; — 60, half the sum of the three sides.

Page 66 - The perimeters of two regular polygons of the same number of sides, are to each other as their homologous sides, and their areas are to each other as the squares of those sides (Prop.

Page 170 - RULE. To the sum of the areas of the two ends add four times the area of a section parallel to and equally distant from both ends ; multiply this sum by the perpendicular height, and J of the product will be the solidity.

Page 167 - To find t/ie solidity of a cone, or pyramid. — RULE. — Multiply the area of the base by the perpendicular height, and one-third of the product will be the content To find the solidity of the frustum of a cone.

Page 37 - Multiply the sum of the two parallel sides by the perpendicular distance between them, and half the product will be the area.

Page 146 - To find the area of a trapezoid. RULE. Multiply half the sum of the two parallel sides "by the perpendicular distance between them : the product will be the area.

Page 164 - To find the solidity of a cylinder. RULE. — Multiply the area of the base by the altitude, and the product will be the solidity.

Page 169 - To twice the length of the base add the length of the edge ; multiply the sum by the breadth of the base, and by one-sixth of the height.

Page 110 - I label the two new points e and /." FIG. 2 With the help of this figure he then proceeds to the usual proof of the theorem that the area of a parallelogram is equal to the product of the base by the altitude, establishing the equality of certain lines and angles and the congruence of the pair of triangles.