## Elements of Euclid Adapted to Modern Methods in Geometry |

### From inside the book

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Page 153

... another in respect of length ; and so are magnitudes of the same kind ; but a line cannot be compared with a surface , or a surface with a solid , in respect of magnitude . 4.

... another in respect of length ; and so are magnitudes of the same kind ; but a line cannot be compared with a surface , or a surface with a solid , in respect of magnitude . 4.

**Ratio**is the relation which one magnitude has to Book V. Page 155

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**ratio**are called pro- portionals . Schol . 1. - Proportion or analogy is the equality of**ratios**; and the relation ...**ratio**than the third to the fourth ; or , which is the same thing , the**ratio**of the third to the fourth is said to be ... Page 156

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**ratio**A to B , and another B to C , the**ratio**of A to C is said to be compounded of the**ratios**of A to B and B to C ; and if we have a third**ratio**, C to D , the**ratio**of A to D is said to be compounded of the**ratios**of A to B , B to C ... Page 157

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**ratio**, then the first is to the last of the first rank as the first to the last of the second rank . Thus if A is to B as D to E , and B to C as E to F , then by equality A , B , C , D , E , F , A to C as D to F. AXIOMS . 1. Like ... Page 158

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**ratio**between two pairs of magnitudes , and con- sequently of the existence of proportion among four ; but it does not imply a comparison of the terms of a**ratio**, as in the arithmetical or algebraic definition , in order to find what ...### Other editions - View all

Elements of Euclid Adapted to Modern Methods in Geometry Euclid,James Bryce,David Munn (F.R.S.E.) No preview available - 1874 |

### Common terms and phrases

AC and CB altitude angle AOB BA and AC bisecting the angle centre chord circles touch circumference cloth coincide Const conv Cor.-Hence diagonal diameter divided draw equal angles equal to BC equal to twice equiangular equilateral triangle Euclid exterior angle Fcap GEOGRAPHY geometrical given circle given line given point given straight line greater half the perimeter Hence hypotenuse inscribed intersecting isosceles triangle less Let ABC LL.D meet middle point multiple opposite sides parallel to BC parallelogram perpendicular polygon produced Proposition Q. E. D. Cor Q. E. D. PROP radius ratio rectangle contained rectilineal figure reflex angle remaining angles required to prove right angles right-angled triangle schol segments shew shewn side BC square on AC tangent THEOREM triangle ABC twice the rectangle twice the square whole line

### Popular passages

Page 68 - The straight line joining the middle points of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side, and equal to half of it.

Page 77 - If there be two straight lines, one of which is divided into any number of parts, the rectangle contained by the two straight lines is equal to the rectangles contained by the undivided line, and the several parts of the divided line.

Page 50 - If a parallelogram and a triangle be upon the same base, and between the same parallels; the parallelogram is double of the triangle.

Page 87 - If a straight line be divided into two equal, and also into two unequal parts, the squares on the two unequal parts are together double of the square on half the line and of the square on the line between the points of section.

Page 30 - Any two sides of a triangle are together greater than the third side.

Page 204 - Tin; rectangle, contained by the diagonals of a quadrilateral inscribed in a circle, is equal to the sum of the rectangles contained by its opposite sides. Let ABCD be any quadrilateral inscribed in a circle...

Page 89 - To divide a given straight line into two parts, so that the rectangle contained by the whole and one of the parts, shall be equal to the square on the other part.

Page 98 - Guido, with a burnt stick in his hand, demonstrating on the smooth paving-stones of the path, that the square on the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle is equal to the sum of the squares on the other two sides.