## Arithmetic, Mensuration and Use of Letters in Formulas, Principles of Mechanics, Machine Elements, Mechanics of Fluids, Strength of Materials, Elements of Electricity and Magnetism, Heat and Steam |

### Common terms and phrases

altered number amperes base belt body boiler called center of gravity cipher circle circumference column conductor cube root cubic foot cubic inches cylinder decimal places decimal point denominator difference of potential distance divided dividend divisor driven wheel electricity electromotive force equal EXAMPLES FOR PRACTICE feet per minute flowing foot-pounds formula fraction frustum gallons galvanometer gear given number heat Hence horsepower inches in diameter iron length lever liquid magnetic mercury motion multiplied number of revolutions number of teeth obtained Ohm's law ohms pipe piston pound of water pounds per square pressure pulley pump quantity quotient r₁ raise ratio resistance revolutions per minute rope safe load screw shaft shown in Fig side significant figures SOLUTION specific gravity square inch square root steam subtract surface temperature trial divisor triangle tube unit valve velocity vessel volts volume weight whole numbers wrought iron

### Popular passages

Page 39 - A sphere is a solid bounded by a curved surface, every point of which is equally distant from a point within called the center.

Page 21 - A fraction is one or more of the equal parts of a unit...

Page 10 - Square Measure 144 square inches (sq. in.) = 1 square foot (sq. ft.) 9 square feet = 1 square yard (sq.

Page 19 - Rule.— I. Write the divisor at the left of the dividend, with a line between them.

Page 11 - Cubic Measure 1728 cubic inches (cu. in.) =1 cubic foot (cu. ft.) 27 cubic feet = 1 cubic yard (cu. yd.) 128 cubic feet = 1 cord (cd...

Page 4 - Divide the continued product of the mean effective pressure in pounds per square inch, the length of the stroke in feet, the area of the piston in square inches, and the number of strokes per minute, by 33,000 ; the result will be the horsepower.

Page 59 - The terms of a ratio are the two numbers to be compared ; thus, in the above ratio, 20 and 4 are the terms. When both terms are considered together, they are called a couplet ; when considered separately, the first term is called the antecedent, and the second term the consequent. Thus, in the ratio 20 : 4, 20 and 4 form a couplet, and 20 is the antecedent, and 4 the consequent.

Page 3 - The pressure per unit of area exerted anywhere upon a mass of liquid is transmitted undiminished in all directions, and acts with the same force upon all surfaces, in a direction at right angles to those surfaces.

Page 62 - The first and fourth terms of a proportion are called the extremes, and the second and third terms, the means. Thus, in the foregoing proportion, 8 and 3 are the extremes and 4 and 6 are the means.

Page 11 - Every body continues in a state of rest, or of uniform motion in a straight line, unless it is compelled to change that state by a force impressed upon it.