Annual Reports of the War Department, Volume 4

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1903
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Page 221 - A pardon reaches both the punishment prescribed for the offense and the guilt of the offender; and when the pardon is full, it releases the punishment and blots out of existence the guilt, so that in the eye of the law the offender is as innocent as if he had never committed the offense.
Page 218 - Is this duty limited to the enforcement of acts of Congress or of treaties of the United States according to their express terms, or does it include the rights, duties and obligations growing out of the Constitution itself, our international relations, and all the protection implied by the nature of the government under the Constitution?
Page 217 - These provisions show that Congress has the power to provide for the trial and punishment of military and naval offenses in the manner then and now practiced by civilized nations and that the power to do so is given without any connection between it and the third article of the Constitution defining the judicial power of the United States; indeed that the two powers are entirely independent of each other.
Page 219 - It is a universal principle that where power or jurisdiction is delegated to any public officer or tribunal over a subject-matter, and its exercise is confided to his or their discretion, the acts so done are binding and valid as to the subject-matter; and individual rights will not be disturbed collaterally for anything done in the exercise of that discretion within the authority and power conferred.
Page 210 - War, of a complete roster of the officers and enlisted men of the Union and Confederate armies, authorized by a clause in the legislative, executive, and judicial appropriation act approved February 23, 1903 (32 Stat.
Page 193 - For the purchase of submarine mines and necessary appliances to operate them for closing the channels leading to our principal seaports, one hundred thousand dollars. For needful casemates and cable galleries to render it possible to operate submarine mines, one hundred thousand dollars. For continuing torpedo experiments...
Page 219 - A practical knowledge of the action of any one of the great departments of the government must convince every person that the head of a department, in the distribution of its duties and responsibilities, is often compelled to use his discretion. He is limited in the exercise of his powers by the law ; but it does not follow that he must show a statutory provision for everything he does.
Page 219 - The departments of the government are legislative, executive, and judicial. They are co-ordinate in degree to the extent of the powers delegated to each of them. Each, In the exercise of its powers, is independent of the other, but all, rightfully done by either, is binding upon the others. The constitution is supreme over all of them, because the people who ratified it have made it so; consequently, anything which may be done unauthorized by it is unlawful.
Page 169 - If in a right triangle a perpendicular is drawn from the vertex of the right angle to the hypotenuse : I. The two triangles thus formed are similar to each other and to the whole triangle. II. The perpendicular is a mean proportional between the segments of the hypotenuse.
Page 218 - Congress, of executive departments, which have varied in number from four or five to seven or eight, the heads of which are familiarly called cabinet ministers. These aid him in the performance of the great duties of his office, and represent him in a thousand acts to which it can hardly be supposed his personal attention is called, and thus he is enabled to fulfil the duty of his great department, expressed in the phrase that "he shall take care that the laws be faithfully •executed.

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