## Higher Arithmetic, Or, the Science and Application of Numbers: Combining the Analytic and Synthetic Modes of Instruction : Designed for Advanced Classes in Schools and Academies |

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### Common terms and phrases

acres added amount annex answer assessed bank bill bought bushels called carry cent ciphers commission common common divisor common fraction compound consequently contained cost cube cubic decimal denominator difference discount divided dividend division divisor dollars dolls duty equal example expressed factors feet figure fourth fraction gain gallons gals given number greater greatest hand Hence hundred inches insured interest least common multiple less loss mean measure method miles mills mixed months multiplicand Multiply Operation paid payable period pound present prime principal proceed proportion quantity quotient ratio reason received Reduce remainder resolved rods root rule selling shillings sides simple sold square subtract tens third units weight whole number worth Write yard

### Popular passages

Page 373 - Now (4)2+(3)2=25 sq. ft. ; and the square described on BC also contains 25 sq. ft. Hence, the square described on the hypothenuse of any right-angled triangle, is equal to the sum of the squares described on the other two sides.

Page 374 - A mean proportional between two numbers is equal to the square root of their product.

Page 272 - ... the interest on this amount for the next year, or specified time, and add it to the principal as before. Proceed in this manner with each successive year...

Page 265 - Compute the interest to the time of the first payment ; if that be one year or more from the time the interest commenced, add it to the principal, and deduct the payment from the sum total If there be after payments made, compute the interest on the balance due to the next payment, and then deduct the payment as above ; and, in like manner, from one payment to another, till all the payments are absorbed; provided the time between one payment and another be one year or more.

Page 385 - Divide the difference of the extremes by the common difference, and the quotient increased by 1 will be the number of terms.

Page 68 - The number to be divided is called the dividend. The number by which we divide is called the divisor.

Page 338 - X 5'" = 20"'". Hence the RULE. I. Write the several terms of the multiplier under the corresponding terms of the multiplicand. II. Multiply each term of the multiplicand by each term of the multiplier...

Page 208 - RULE. Divide as in whole numbers, and from the right hand of the quotient point off as many places for decimals as the decimal places in the dividend exceed those in the divisor.

Page 263 - If the payment be less than the interest, the surplus of interest must not be taken to augment the principal; but interest continues on the former principal until the period when the payments, taken together, exceed the interest due, and then the surplus is to be applied towards discharging the principal; and interest is to be Computed on the balance, as aforesaid.

Page 370 - Multiply the divisor, thus increased, by the last figure of the root; subtract the product from the dividend, and to the remainder bring down the next period for a new dividend.