The Mechanic's Calculator: Comprehending Principles, Rules, and Tables in the Various Departments of Mathematics and Machanics
Thomas Wardle, 1842 - Mechanical engineering - 308 pages
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The Mechanic's Calculator: Comprehending Principles, Rules, and Tables in ...
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angle applied axis base beam body bottom breadth called cast centre circle circumference column common contained cube cubic cylinder denominator depth diameter difference direction distance divided draw effect engine equal fall feet figure fixed fluid foot force fraction give given gravity greater half heat hence horses inches increase iron length less lever machine marked means measure mechanic minute motion move multiplied nearly necessary opening parallel perpendicular pinion pipe piston plane pounds pressure principle proportion pump quantity quotient radius raised resistance result round rule shaft side simple space square square root steam strength stroke supposed surface taken teeth term thickness third tons triangle tube turns valve velocity weight wheel whole
Page 20 - Multiply the numerators together for a new numerator, and the denominators together for a new denominator.
Page 121 - Powers, are certain simple instruments, commonly employed for raising greater weights, or overcoming greater resistances, than could be effected by the natural strength without them. These are usually accounted six in number, viz. the Lever, the Wheel and Axle, the Pulley, the Inclined Plane, the Wedge, and the Screw.
Page 23 - The denominator of a decimal, though never expressed, is always the unit, 1, with as many ciphers annexed as there are figures in the decimal.
Page 21 - Rule. — Multiply the whole number by the denominator of the fraction, add the numerator to the product and place the denominator under the result.
Page 53 - OF TIME. 60 Seconds = 1 Minute 60 Minutes = 1 Hour 24 Hours = 1 Day 7 Days = 1 Week 28 Days = 1 Lunar Month...
Page 275 - ... way of employing the strength of horses. Robertson Buchanan states, that the mechanical effects of men in working a pump, in turning a winch, in ringing a bell, and rowing a boat, are as the numbers 100, 167, 227, and 248. According to Hatchette, of a man working at the cord of a pulley to raise the ram of a pile engine = 50 dynamical units.
Page 133 - The power is to the weight which is to be raised, as the distance between two threads of the screw, is to the circumference of a circle described by the power applied at the end of the lever.
Page 61 - In a right-angled triangle, the side opposite the right angle is called the Hypotenuse ; and the other two sides are called the Legs, and sometimes the Base and Perpendicular.
Page 109 - BRICKWORK is estimated at the rate of a brick and a half thick. So that if a wall be more or less than this standard thickness, it must be reduced to it, as follows : Multiply the superficial content of the wall by the number of half bricks in the thickness, and divide the product by 3. The...
Page 61 - The circumference of every circle is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts, called degrees ; and each degree into 60 equal parts, called minutes ; and each minute into 60 equal parts, called seconds ; and these into thirds, &c.