## Elements of Geometry: Plane and Solid |

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### Common terms and phrases

ABCDE altitude arc AC axis base bisects called chord circle circumference coincide common cone Const construct contained cylinder DEFINITION denote describe diagonals diagram for Prop diameter difference dihedral angles distance divided draw drawn edges equal equidistant equilateral triangle equivalent EXERCISE extremities faces figure Find formed four frustum given line given point greater half Hence indefinitely inscribed intercepted intersection isosceles joining lateral less limit locus mean meet mid point opposite parallel parallelogram parallelopiped pass perimeter perpendicular plane polygon polyhedron prism proportional PROPOSITION Prove pyramid quantities radii radius ratio rect rectangle regular polygon respectively right angle SCHOLIUM segment sides similar sphere square straight line surface symmetrical tangent THEOREM third triangle triangle ABC trihedral unit vertex vertices volume

### Popular passages

Page 306 - A spherical polygon is a portion of the surface of a sphere bounded by three or more arcs of great circles. The bounding arcs are the sides of the polygon ; the...

Page 296 - Sphere is a body bounded by a uniformly curved surface, all the points of which are equally distant from a point within called the center.

Page 281 - The areas of two triangles which have an angle of the one equal to an angle of the other are to each other as the products of the sides including the equal angles.

Page 111 - To express that the ratio of A to B is equal to the ratio of C to D, we write the quantities thus : A : B : : C : D; and read, A is to B as C to D.

Page 371 - The object of these primers is to convey information in such a manner as to make it both intelligible and interesting to very young pupils, and so to discipline their minds as to incline them to more systematic after-studies. They are not only an aid to the pupil, but to the teacher, lightening the task of each by an agreeable, easy, and natural method of instruction.

Page 176 - ... the sides containing that angle, by twice the rectangle contained by either of these sides, and the straight line intercepted between the perpendicular let fall on it from the opposite angle, and the acute angle.

Page 121 - In a series of equal ratios, the sum of the antecedents is to the sum of the consequents as any antecedent is to its consequent.

Page 116 - If the product of two numbers is equal to the product of two others, either two may be made the extremes of a proportion and the other two the means.

Page 177 - In obtuse-angled triangles, if a perpendicular be drawn from either of the acute angles to the opposite side produced, the square of the side subtending the obtuse angle, is greater than the squares of the sides containing the obtuse angle, by twice the rectangle contained by the side upon which, when produced, the perpendicular falls, and the straight line intercepted without the triangle, between the perpendicular and the obtuse angle.

Page 270 - Two prisms are to each other as the products of their bases by their altitudes ; prisms having equivalent bases are to each other as their altitudes; prisms having equal altitudes are to each other as their bases ; prisms having equivalent bases and equal altitudes are equivalent.